I started doing the low-carb/keto thing in August 2018, and am looking and feeling great! This one is for folks who are starting on keto/low-carb, and are looking for some great snacks, tips and recipes to stay on track. The recipes/foods on this site are usually also gluten-free and good for diabetics, too!
Disclaimer: If you think keto is dumb/dangerous/whatever, this article isn’t for you, and I’m not particularly interested in debating it with you in the comments. I’ll let you do you, and let me do me.
There are lots of reasons why people start a ketogenic diet. It’s one of the most effective ways to treat epilepsy, and has been shown to cause symptom relief for a variety of other diseases including PCOS, diabetes, Plantar Fasciitis, rheumatoid arthritis and more. Some people just like the way they feel when they cut out the carbs, and others are trying to lose weight. Whatever your reason, I’m collecting a bunch of my favorite recipes/websites and tips here to help you along your journey.
Getting Through Keto Flu
Once you start cutting the carbs out (under 20g net carbs per day total), many people experience what’s referred to as Keto Flu. Some people feel tired, brain-foggy, lethargic, irritable, cravings, stomach aches, etc. Keto flu can kick in within the first few days of starting a ketogenic diet, and can last for up to a few weeks. It’s SO important to remember that this is TEMPORARY, as your body adjusts to burning a different kind of fuel. It willgo away if you stick through it.
I’m really lucky that I didn’t suffer that much with keto flu, but my husband did, and he moaned about it enough for both of us. It’s different for everyone, so if you don’t feel like shit after starting a keto diet, it doesn’t mean it’s not working, you just got lucky.
There are a few ways to make your keto flu suck a little less:
- Drink lots of water. When you think you’ve had enough water, drink more water. Many people drop a lot of weight when they first start keto, and much of that starter weight is water weight. Drink and drink and drink until your pee runs clear. Dehydration is a really common trigger for keto flu symptoms, and usually by the time you feel thirsty, you’re already dehydrated. Use a timer app if you find yourself forgetting to drink throughout the day.
- Replenish electrolytes. Stay away from carby sports drinks though (obviously). Increasing your salt intake can help with this, or you can sip on bone broth. If bone broth isn’t your jam, try to supplement with magnesium and eat keto foods high in potassium like leafy green veggies, salmon, nuts, avocados, or mushrooms.
- Get enough sleep and try to exercise 2-3 times a week. I know that sounds like bullshit but it can help your body adapt to your new fuel source better, and when you’re starting on a keto diet, don’t expect to be able to exercise at the same intensity as you used to at first. Your body is still adapting, but it will get better over time. Go for a walk or a light jog. You don’t have to go nuts.
Track Everything – IF That Works for You
I personally track everything. It’s just how I like it, but it’s not for everyone. I like all the dirty details, and I weigh myself once a day, right after I wake up. I’ve been doing it long enough to know that the way my body works, I can fluctuate between 2-5lbs in a single 24 hour period! That’s a lot, and can be pretty disappointing the day after hitting a new low, but for me having all of that data makes me feel better because I can see the trends over time, and I know that those fluctuations are normal for me and nothing to feel too defeated over.
Food tracking to me was critical. There are garbage carbs in so many small things. One serving of ketchup? Up to 6g carbs. When you’re trying to stay under 20g of carbs per day, that one serving of ketchup has now used up almost 1/3 of your daily allocation. That’s the little stuff that most people don’t even notice until they start tracking, and it was critical to me staying on a solid path. Spaghetti sauce, for example, often has a bunch of added sugar in it, so always check the labels!
I use LifeSum for activity and nutrient/macro tracking, but there are a bunch of great ones like Enquos and MyFitnessPal. One app I just found is pretty neat – it’s called Happy Scale. It’s not a nutrition tracker, but rather a “smoothing” weight predictor/goal monitor. So those peaks and valleys I just mentioned get smoothed out a little, and it displays your goals/accomplishments in a way that can feel a little less roller-coastery. (It also syncs with my scale/healthkit, so I don’t have to remember to log that data in another app.)
If you are at-risk for an eating disorder, tracking could encourage starvation/binging behavior that could be really problematic. You’ll need to figure out what works for you, your body and your mental well-being.
Plan What You Can
I do tend to cook a bit nowadays, and I found keto to be harder if I wasn’t cooking as much. There’s only so much tuna fish salad you can eat in a day, and the more recipes you have at your disposal, the more variety you’ll have and the better your chances of sticking to it. Getting bored with the same old foods is a real challenge, so some pre-planning is definitely recommended.
I usually spend an hour or so at the start of every week, making containers of foods and snacks I can throw in the fridge for the rest of the week. That part seems trivial, but when you’re hungry, the temptation to grab something less healthy (chips, etc) because it’s ready NOW can be a real pitfall. I usually start the week off making a batch of tuna salad and a big batch of my famous guacamole, and pick up some celery and/or peppers to eat them with.
Additionally, many of the recipes I share here (especially ones made with an Instant Pot) will generate lots of leftover sauce, which can be mixed and matched with other foods throughout the week to make it go farther.
Making Keto Desserts
If you’re going to be making low-carb desserts, you’re going to want to pick up at least one kind of alternative flour, commonly either coconut or almond. For most recipes you can do the conversion, but it won’t work every single time. You need 1/4 as much coconut flour as if you’re using almond flour, and the textures are a little different for each. You’ll also be experimenting with different kinds of non-sugar sweeteners. There are tons out there – experiment and see what works for you.
I don’t have much of a sweet tooth (more like a bread-tooth), but I’ve included some really yummy keto desserts and sweet snacks here as well. Some of these can work out really well to bring to holiday pot-luck parties where you want to stay on track but don’t expect anyone else to bring sweets you can partake in.
Also, this is probably obvious, but just because keto-desserts are low-carb and keto-friendly doesn’t mean you should eat a whole batch in one sitting. A 5g carb snack is a great option every now and then. Four of those bad boys and you’re at your max for the day though, so nosh wisely.
If the recipes here and on the links page aren’t enough for you, check out the /r/ketorecipes subreddit for some great options and ideas. Learning to cook keto-style does get some getting used to (especially if you’re baking), so it can be a great source of insight and inspiration.
Condiments & Off the Shelf Snacks
- ChocZero’s Maple Syrup
- NOMU Skinny Hot Chocolate Powder
- Salted Carmel Veggie Protein Puffs
- ChocZero Keto Bark, Milk Chocolate Hazelnuts
- ChocZero’s Chocolate Syrup
- Sugar Free Salted Caramel Mocha Syrup
- You shouldn’t feel hungry on keto. Carb/sugar cravings will subside over time, but if you’re actually feeling hungry, try to increase your fat or protein levels so that you feel more full
- DRINK WATER.
- Ketone test strips aren’t super-reliable, but can be helpful when you’re first starting off. They’re not really very accurate, and as you continue on Keto, your body may become more efficient at metabolizing the ketones in your body, so those strips can actually become misleading over time. Try them if you want to, but don’t obsess about it. If you’re eating under 20g carbs a day, you will be in ketosis.
- If you’re trying to lose weight, you should probably try to be at a calorie deficit. I’ve heard arguments that disagree with this, but it’s what’s working for me – and once you settle on the foods you like and that work for you, you’ll likely find you’re eating enough to not be hungry and are still in a deficit.
- You can go over your protein limit, but do not go over your carb limit. If you’re trying to lose weight, you don’t need to “make” your fat limit either – it’s there as a way for you to feel satiated while not blowing through your calorie ceiling, it’s not a goal to meet.
- Literally every body is different. Learn to listen to yours. Over time, you’ll start to figure out whether you need to stick to <20g carbs per day, or if your body can handle up to 50g. You’ll learn whether you need more or less protein than other people doing keto. You’ll figure it out, just be patient and pay attention.
- Just when you think you have your body figured out, you’ll plateau and you’ll have to start tinkering again. Your body is built to resist change.
- If you’re a woman, expect your menstrual cycle/hormones to be a little bonkers for a little while. Sorry, girls, it’s just the way it is. All those hormones stored in your fat will come out with a vengeance. Check out the women’s keto subreddit (which is great btw) and search for “shark week” if you don’t believe me.
- If the scale doesn’t seem to be moving as much as you want, start tracking your body measurements. Weight comes off differently for everyone, and the paper towel roll effect is real. This is especially true if you’re also exercising, since muscle weighs more than fat. It’s 100% normal to not see the scale move too much for a while, but still notice you’re getting smaller.
- Weight loss will come in fits and starts. Don’t obsess, just be patient.
Have any great keto recipes or foods you love? Let me know in the comments! Keep calm and keto on!